Puppy Pointers

 Since weaning your puppy has been fed Eukanuba for Large Breed Puppies.
Feed about 1/2 cup 3 times a day. Increase the amount as your puppy grows.  Increase to ¾ cups 3 times a day by 9 weeks.  At 16 weeks of age you can delete the middle meal and only feed 2 meals a day.  Feed twice a day until at least 8 months of age.  If the recommended food is not available we recommend Science Diet, Nutro Max, Nature’s Recipe, Bil Jak Dry, or Purina One.               
            Do pay careful attention to the weight of your puppy/adult dog.  WEIGHT GAIN IN YOUR PUPPY SHOULD BE CAREFULLY MONITORED AND CONTROLLED.  1 ½ to 2 ½ lbs per week between 7 & 11 weeks and 3 ½ pounds per week for the rest of his growth.  A FAT DOG IS NOT A HEALTHY DOG.  Excess weight can break down muscle tissue in a puppy and put more pressure on the hip sockets.  Rapid growth rate is a factor in developing hip dysplasia.  You should always be able to feel the ribs through a THIN  layer of fat/skin. I would always prefer to see a dog on the thin side as opposed to the heavy side.  You should not be able to feel prominent hip bones. 
If you decide to use a different diet, check with us or your Veterinarian for a good balanced diet.  Transfer your puppy to his new food gradually by adding progressively larger amounts of the new food to the old.  Too abrupt of a  change in diet can result in loose stools and an upset stomach.
Always have fresh cool water available.  Changes in water can lead to loose stools, so do not be surprised if your puppy has loose stools for a few days after you take him home.  Also, the nervousness of a new home can lead to loose stools.
Dogs are den animals.  They do not like to mess in their own nest.  We've found that the use of a crate will provide your puppy with an area large enough to live in comfortably, but not so large that he will want to mess it up.  The use of a crate is by far the best way to housebreak a dog and will accomplish the task in a short time.  Later the crate will provide a safe home for the puppy while you are out of the house and will eliminate the chance of his chewing on furniture.  The initial cost of the crate will be more than saved by clean carpets and ungnawed on furniture.
Purchase a good quality crate large enough for a fully grown Golden: at least 21 wide, 36" long and 24" high.  A fold-down crate makes it easy to store and travel with If you plan to do much traveling with your dog. A crate is the safest means of transporting and many hotels will allow crated dogs in their rooms.
Your puppy should have plenty of opportunities to go outside, The more frequently he goes out, the less likely he will soil inside.  ALWAYS take him outside immediately after letting him out of the crate; with a very young puppy, I carry him outside.  When you let your puppy outside, take him to the area of the yard where you want him to relieve himself, use the command “hurry,” stand with him until he goes, and then praise him, and take the puppy back indoors.  It's not as easy as just putting him outside, but he will catch on much more quickly if you go out with him.
At first he should only be out of his crate when he is being actively supervised, but as he becomes more trustworthy, he can be out more on his own. Remember,
BE PATIENT, BE FIRM and USE YOUR CRATE.  You’ll be glad you did.
Goldens are great chewers, Use your crate to limit the puppy's activity whenever you are unable to actively supervise him and keep a constant eye on him.  He won't know not to chew on electrical cords and plants, or any other undesirable objects until taught.  He should have ample time to play and socialize after going outside, but only under supervision.  Make sure he has his own toys to chew on (old shoes or socks are not appropriate, because he doesn't know the difference between old and new) I keep a toy basket where puppy’s toys are kept and teach him where it is.   In our experience Nyla Bones, Boodba Bones make excellent unsupervised play toys (in their crate).  I only recommend squeaky toys and fleece toys with supervision, because they are easy to destroy and swallowed. Also, Goldens’ do have a preference for dirty socks and underwear, so beware.
A good Golden wants nothing more in life than to please you.  Different dogs need different amounts of correction; some will respond to very light corrections whereas others will test a little more and need a firmer hand. Learn by your puppy's reaction to a correction to tell if you are over correcting or under correcting.  If the puppy repeatedly repeats the same offense then you aren’t getting your point across.
For chewing or other mouth-related mistakes, pop them on the muzzle and say "NO" firmly, but do not yell.  Immediately give them a toy, or take them to their toy basket and praise them when they take the toy.  Since Goldens are bred to retrieve I DO NOT correct when they bring me inappropriate items.  I merely remove it from their mouth and give them a toy.
For general inappropriate behavior, shake them by the scruff of the neck.  This is the way the mother dog reprimands puppies.  Remember, correct inappropriate behavior
  and praise good behavior.
Be very careful about not giving "positive reinforcement for bad behavior". i.e.; talking sweetly if they seem afraid- this reinforces their fear.  Be supportive, but firm. Do NOT pet them when they jump on you, even when they are small. Teach the to sit for a cookie in front of you and that sitting gets the reward, not jumping.
Your puppy is learning from you the day you take him home.  Make sure you are teaching good behavior.  Anything a puppy does at 10 pounds he will also do at 70 pounds and it might not be as cute then.
Training for your puppy begins the day you take your puppy home.  If you wait until he is large enough that you can't easily manhandle him you've waited too long, Between 7 and 16 weeks there is a window of learning that can never be duplicated.  Use it wisely.  I start teaching my puppies a few house manners immediately. 1. Come when called.  I teach this several ways.  I encourage my puppies to chase me.  When they catch me they either have a fun roll in the grass, a treat, or a toy.  Do not chase your puppy.  If you do, you are teaching your puppy it is a game to run away. 2. Teach the puppy to be held and handled. This will make it easier later to give medications, trim toe nails and to be groomed.   3. Decide if they are permitted on the furniture and start training now; if you don’t want a 70-pound dog on the couch, don’t sit on the couch and hold a 10-pound puppy.  4.  Not to jump up on people.  Puppies learn quickly if they jump up on you they will get petted.  This is a very hard habit to break when they get big.  Do not let it get started!!! NEVER let a puppy jump on you and NEVER pet a puppy when they do.  Use the command “Off” (not “ down”  as that means they should be in a “down” position with their butt and elbows on the ground) and push them off with your knee.    5. To go into their crate with a food reward.  Lead them into the crate and give them a treat.  Usually I will do my training with one of their actual meals and use their food as the reward.  6. I also start teaching sit and down with a food reward.  Later the food is discontinued. 7.  Don't go through a door without permission.  If they attempt to come through a door without permission the door is unceremoniously closed in their face, with the command "get back".  They are permitted through the door with their name.
At 12-16 weeks, you can enroll your puppy in obedience classes. At any age, obedience training is a wonderful activity.  It will help to make your dog a pleasure to live with, and we strongly recommend that you consider obedience classes for you and your dog.  Finally, if you have any questions, please feel free to call me.  We're happy to help in any way we can.
            Start teaching your puppy at a very early age to accept being groomed.  That includes brushing, trimming toe nails and cleaning ears.  Goldens’ coats will go through various stages throughout the year.  Dogs kept indoors all the time will usually have less variation in their coat than those who are kept both indoors and out.  Most dogs will go through a major shedding sometime in the Spring or Summer.  Bathing in warm water will help them release the dead coat and get the shedding process done more quickly (use undercoat rake to remove dead hair).  Never be tempted to have your Golden clipped down.  If you don’t want the coat, don't buy a Golden Retriever.  When you clip the coat off you cut off the guard hairs that are your dogs’ protection from the elements.  The outer coat helps protect them and also acts as a cooling system. Once the undercoat has "blown out" the shedding will decrease to a nominal amount.
The grooming procedure should follow these steps.  Do all the dirty things first: trim nails, flush out the ears with an ear flush and then thoroughly brush out the dog.  Any trimming I do will be done before the bath.  I tidy up stray hairs around the feet and up the pasterns on both the front and back feet, blunt the end of the tail and trim around the edges of the ears with strait shears.  I trim behind the ears with thinning shears.  After these things have been done, you can then bathe the dog.  Never bathe a dog that has not been thoroughly brushed out.  Bathing will not get mats out, but will set the mats harder.  One other hint: When bathing your dog secure them to something so that both of your hands are free to do a good job.
A Golden, like all Sporting Dogs, needs considerable exercise, especially as they mature.  They must get exercise and mental stimulation or they will become destructive. Providing this exercise is important for the dog’s health and well-being.  If you jog and want your dog to jog with you, please wait until he is at least one year old, however feel free to take him on long walks prior to that time.  However, after a good romp outside they are ready to come inside and be a part of the family.  Never let your dog run loose unfenced regardless of his age.  If there is no one outside with him, he will go elsewhere to seek human companionship.
Young puppies require a lot of sleep.  They are just past the infancy stage and will sleep a large part of the time.  Try not to let young children over tire the puppy.  Teach them that when he is in his crate he is not to be bothered.  He will quickly learn to go into his crate when he becomes tired and no longer wishes to play.
We do NOT recommend you breed your dog unless you are dedicated to the sport of dogs and willing to invest the time and finances to do it for the betterment of the Breed.  That is why all pets are sold on limited registration, and their off-spring cannot be registered. Breeding does nothing for your dog and may even be detrimental. With limited registration they cannot compete in AKC conformation shows or field trials.  However they can compete in Rally, Obedience, Agility, Tracking, Hunting Test, Junior Showmanship, UKC dog shows and all GRCA events.  Give strong consideration to spaying/neutering.  This can prolong the life of your dog and does not change his personality.  Consult your veterinarian for the proper age.
 We do a limited amount of boarding for dogs we have bred and sold.   Boarding is $15.00 a day for adults and $20.00 a day for puppies.  Crate training and basic puppy training will be continued for puppies.   Dogs do get out to play in the yard 2-3 times a day. If weather is either too hot or too cold, dogs are in climate-controlled area. I am best reached by text at 405-650-8264.  As I work full time, if I an unable to meet you when you need to drop your dog off, I can tell you where to put your dog, where to leave things and you will be able to drop them off at your convenience.   Even though we do extensive preventative parasite treatment, in summer months we request dogs come with a fairly fresh application of a topical flea and tick prevention applied, such as Top Spot or Revolution.
This is a list of items I use.  Most of these items can be purchased most economically from Pet Edge (800)738-3343 for a catalog or www.petedge.com  
  • Universal Slicker Brush
  • Smaller  “gentle” slicker brush (for puppy)
  • Undercoat Rake TP250
  • Guillotine-style nail trimmer TP267
  • Kwik Stop  RH30005
  • Nyla Bone or Gumma Bone
  • Boodha Boone (rope tug)
  • Soft Fleece toy and/or squeak toy (supervised play only)
  • Inexpensive nylon collar (12”)
  • For adults use a rolled leather collar to prevent matting (17” or 19”)
  • Fold-Down Crate approx 36 x 23 x 26
  • Stainless Steel dishes 2 or 3 quart
  • Natures Miracle (Neutralizes accidents)
  • Ultra-Plenish Conditioner   ZX10112 -  helps coat shed in Spring
  • Other chew items:  elk or deer antlers- www.elkusa.com

  • Central Oklahoma Golden Retriever Club – www.cogrc.org
  • Edmond Dog Training – Jim  (405) 478-3799 classes / private / boarding
  • Shelly Shaefer – Rustycreekdogs@gmail.com  board training/ field classes
  • Oklahoma City Obedience Training Club  www.ocotc.com   
  • Mid-Town Dog Training (In Tulsa) 747-WOOF
The Central Oklahoma Golden Retriever Club has monthly meetings the third Wednesday of every month at the Lockhart Center, 4000 North Lindsey Ave in OKC at 7:00 PM.  We have an education program at most meetings. You are welcome to come. www.cogrc.org.  
                                                                                                                       Revised 12/26/2016